Punch, or the London Charivari was a British weekly magazine of humour and satire established in 1841 by Henry Mayhew and engraver Ebenezer Landells. Historically, it was most influential in the 1840s and 50s, when it helped to coin the term "cartoon" in its modern sense as a humorous illustration. It became a British institution, but after the 1940s, when its circulation peaked, it went into a long decline, closing in 1992. It was revived in 1996, but closed again in 2002. Punch, Vol. 98, February 22, 1890 contents: 'ARRY ON EQUALITY, "LE PETIT DUC". , THE ROOT OF THE MATTER, SHOOTING ARROWS AT A SONG, MR. PUNCH'S MORAL MUSIC-HALL DRAMAS, MODERN TYPES, "JOHNNYKIN AND THE GOBLINGS". , THE INCANTATION SCENE, OUR BOOKING-OFFICE, ESSENCE OF PARLIAMENT, FIFTY YEARS OF RAILWAY PROGRESS—FIFTY YEARS HENCE.